Seizures are episodes of unusual behavior caused by abnormal brain activity. During seizures, victims may cry out, lose consciousness, and jerk and twitch uncontrollably, or they may stare off into space. Most people associate seizures with epilepsy, but other causes include high fevers, low blood sugar, drug overdose, infection, brain injury infections and any other condition that causes a change in the brain's electrical activity. Most episodes last one to five minutes.
Most seizures stop on their own, but there are a few things you can do to help individuals having seizures:
- Move the victim only if he is in danger or near something hazardous.
- Cushion his head with a soft material.
- Turn the victim onto his side so he doesn't choke.
- Loosen tight clothing around the neck.
- Do not:
- Place anything in the victim's mouth
- Give medication, food, or water
- Try to restrain his movements
Call for emergency help if the victim has trouble breathing, turns bluish in skin color, has a seizure after suffering a head injury, has diabetes or a heart condition, is pregnant or may have taken any type of poison or hazardous substances. You should also call 911 if the victim has never had a seizure before or if he doesn't awaken soon after symptoms subside.